Keyword density is arguably one of the most misunderstood aspects of SEO.
Back in the day, some digital marketers would game the system through keyword stuffing to try to push their web rankings higher. But it doesn’t work that way anymore. Search engines today have become much smarter and more efficient.
Google has confirmed that RankBrain, the machine learning (AI) algorithm, is the third most important factor in search ranking, after content and backlinks. It sorts the search results to understand search queries and measure how users interact with the results.
This ranking factor means that although keyword density is essential to a certain degree, other factors like user experience now plays a more critical role in SERP (Search Engine Results Page).
What is a keyword?
A keyword is a word or combination of words that define the meaning and purpose of your content. In SEO, they are the words and phrases that users key into search engines to find a specific piece of information.
For example, if you target to rank for an article about a list of best-selling sports shoes in 2018, the article’s keyword might be “sports shoes.” If your restaurant business in New York has a website, the keyword for the homepage could be “best restaurant in New York.”
Definition of keyword density
Keyword density is the number of times a searchable keyword appears within the content of a page. It could be an exact-match keyword or a semantic keyword, depending on how a search engine crawler reads your content.
How to calculate keyword density
If you want to find out the keyword density for a piece of content, you will need to:
- Identify the keyword
- Count the total number of words on the page
- Divide the number of times the keyword appears with the page’s total word count
- Multiply the results with 100
For example, if a blog post has 1,000 words and a keyword appears 10 times, that means the article has a keyword density of 1%.
If you have a lot of content, it may be helpful to use any of these free keyword density checker tools:
How much keyword density is good for SEO?
Let’s make this clear – an optimal keyword density is a myth. There is neither an ideal percentage nor a one size fits all solution.
In fact, loading your content with a high volume of keywords is not as important as inserting them into the right places. As a general rule, keywords should appear in:
- Title tag (ideally at the beginning of the title)
- Body content (the higher in the page or article, the better)
- Headings (H1, H2, and so on)
- URL (slug)
- Meta description
- Image alt tags
The seed keyword should be placed just once in each of the title, meta description, URL, headlines, and so on, while both the seed and meta keywords in the body content can repeat more than once.
Now that you have a better understanding of keyword density, we have outlined some best practices for your next keyword research:
1) Use high-volume keywords for higher page ranking, long-tail keywords for better conversions
In a 2017 study by SEMRush, high-volume keywords were found to be more correlated with being featured in top ranked pages on Google. The report analyzed ranking factors, with a section focusing specifically on the use of keywords in title tags, meta description, and body content:
Over 75% of the top-20 pages have keywords in their body and over 60% have them in their title.
The findings also suggest that Google gives a higher score to the relevancy of highly searched terms, rather than a page or article’s density of keywords.
Aside from using only the target keyword, you can also expand it and include semantic words to form long-tail keywords. It will help to bring more relevant traffic to your website, as illustrated in a keyword analysis by Search Engine Watch:
The chart above shows how long-tail keywords can give a higher click-through-rate (CTR) and be more profitable, while high-volume keywords bring in more clicks and better page rankings.
Regular keyword research and analysis using SEO tools like Keyword Tool will help you find opportunities for trending, high-volume keywords. It will also give you suggestions for related keywords and ideas to create long-tail keywords that convert better.
2) Don’t focus on keyword repetition
You should place the keyword in your title tags and body content, but don’t go overboard. Google Webmasters has cleared the air in a video back in 2011 that is as relevant then as it is now:
“Just because you can say it 7-8 times that doesn’t necessarily mean it will help with your ranking.”
It’s even possible to rank well with a keyword repetition of only once or twice on a page. Though generally, digital marketers often put a safe value for keyword density at approximately 1%. Yoast SEO on the other hand, one of the most popular WordPress plugins for SEO, suggests a keyword density of between 0.5% to 2.5%.
3) Prioritize search intent, instead of “density”
Content is written for people to read, and that is more important than writing for search engine algorithms.
When creating content, try to put yourself in the reader’s point of view. Read the text out loud. Does it sound natural? If yes, then you’re on the right track. Otherwise, you’ll need to re-write and clean up the content.
Google’s Hummingbird algorithm update in 2013 has emphasized on: “natural writing rather than forced keywords.” It now attempts to understand the user’s search intent to find pages that match that intent, instead of focusing solely on exact-match keywords.
Google has also published Word2vec, an open source toolkit, that can learn the meaning behind words. Using distributed representation of text to capture similarities among concepts, Word2vec can understand how certain terms are related to one another, in ways that it may not connect to a different but similar term.
This chart shows how Word2vec can learn the differences between capital cities, just by crawling through lots of articles:
The example in the graph above shows how Word2vec understands that:
- Paris and France are related in the same way Berlin and Germany are (capital and country)
- But, not the same way Madrid and Italy are related (capitals of different countries)
When you write in a natural language, it not only gives an excellent signal to Google’s search algorithm but also makes it more readable for the average user.
Good user experience will then result in:
- Lower bounce rates = Users will stick around longer
- Lower exit rates = Lesser chance users will pogo-stick to other pages
Search engines will read these metrics as a sign of a page with high relevancy, giving it better rankings on SERP.
4) A click-worthy title is worth more than keyword optimization
Google looks at more than just keyword matching. It also measures user engagement of your content to determine if the content you provide matches what users are searching.
If your title tag and meta description contain keywords that are being searched for, it will be more likely for a user to click it. As a result, your content will receive higher click-through rates which then gives a positive signal to search crawlers.
When crafting your title tag, try to avoid click-bait titles that are unrelated to your content. Users will likely bounce off your page quickly, and Google doesn’t like that.
Keyword targeting alone in SEO writing is no longer adequate. You also need to write captivating copy for your titles and content that captures attention.
5) Providing unique value is essential for long-term growth
If more users take time to read and browse through your content, Google will rank your page as being highly relevant for those search queries. That is when their search intent matches with the content on your website.
There is no doubt that keyword density is necessary to a certain degree, but what makes a more significant difference for better search ranking is to have a denser substance of content.
As you can see by now, keyword density is an ancient myth in SEO. It hasn’t helped to rank pages as much as some might assume. Instead, you’ll need to figure out smarter ways to rank and match that with how search engines function today.
Craft click-worthy headlines. Write engaging content that provides actual value. And watch as your page ranking steadily climb higher and higher.